By Laurie Shrage
Shrage argues that Roe v Wade's regulatory scheme of a six-month time span for abortion on call for polarized the general public and obscured possible choices with in all probability broader aid. She explores the origins of that scheme, then defends another one--with a time span shorter than 6 months for non-therapeutic abortions--that may possibly win wide aid had to make criminal abortion prone on hand to all girls.
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Additional resources for Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate (Studies in Feminist Philosophy)
In other words, Glendon wants the courts to let the legislatures resolve the issues of welfare and abortion access, whereas Colker thinks the courts should defend the abortion rights of women when the legislatures have done little to provide a security net. Abortion rights activists in the United States have of course heavily relied on the judicial route to bring about change on abortion. But their main accomplishment, Roe, has remained unpopular. "102 Genuine social reform is more likely to come from grassroots political organizing than from on high.
82 Poor, young, and geographically isolated women probably would have fared better under Blackmun's original twelve-week limit for nontherapeutic abortions. For under Roe's scheme, the federal and state governments have resorted to withdrawing public funds and imposing parental approval and "informed consent" requirements in order to limit access to abortion on demand—requirements likely to disproportionately affect poor, working-class, young, and rural women. 83 Unfortunately, these women are not free to choose among the available providers.
Dworkin contends that it has interests when it becomes sentient, presumably because then it has an interest in avoiding suffering, but he offers no sustained defense of this. Nevertheless, he would allow the state to enforce a sentience conception of fetal development on a public that is divided on this issue, often on religious grounds. His position that the state has a legitimate interest in protecting the viable fetus, because it is sentient, is inconsistent with his claim that: "A state may not curtail liberty, in order to protect an intrinsic value .