By James A. Jacobs
Provides the instruments had to research and remedy acid drainage problems
Featuring contributions from major specialists in technological know-how and engineering, this booklet explores the advanced biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes the way to are expecting, hinder, and remediate the environmental impression of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, providing the newest sampling and analytical equipment. furthermore, readers will become aware of new methods for improving worthy assets from acid mine drainage, together with bioleaching.
Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils reports the most up-tp-date findings within the box, supplying new insights into the underlying factors in addition to new instruments to lessen the damage of acid drainage:
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Additional resources for Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils. Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation
2 Brown trout. (Courtesy of K. 3 Brook trout. (Courtesy of K. 4 Hybrid striped bass. (Courtesy of K. 5 Striped bass. (Courtesy of K. 6 Yellow perch. (Courtesy of K. 7 Tanks for the production of rainbow trout fingerlings (Courtesy of K. 8 Tanks have been replaced by concrete raceways for the production of rainbow trout. (Courtesy of K. 9 Recirculating aquaculture system components showing the path that water takes through major components within one type of recirculating system. 10 Treatment process for an acid mine discharge plant.
DNA studies indicate a large list of iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria and archaea capable of withstanding extremes in pH and temperature while obtaining energy from the iron and sulfur oxidation processes. The earlier scientific literature refers to iron- and sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, and the primary transformations described in this book are still performed by these microbes. However, more recently, microbiology researchers using detailed genetic testing techniques refer to richer, more complex, and more diverse acid mine drainage microbial communities.
Acid mine waters are also being considered a valuable resource in West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and other states where treated and recycled water is used in aquaculture projects to grow striped bass, rainbow trout, char, yellow perch, and catfish. These recent projects demonstrate the value of some of the resources derived from acid drainage. How long has acid drainage occurred on Earth? 6 billion years ago. The early Earth atmosphere contained no free oxygen. The dating of the earliest biogeochemical processes associated with sulfur oxidation and the generation of acid drainage depends on the presence or absence of pyrite grains in nonmarine sedimentary rocks.