Download Advances in International Management, Volume 21: The Global by J.J. Lawler, G.S. Hundley PDF

By J.J. Lawler, G.S. Hundley

The aggressive forces generated through globalization act to advertise the cross-national diffusion of human source administration 'best practices'. particularly, excessive functionality paintings practices have become seen because the regular as businesses in lots of elements of the area have endeavored to 'Americanize' their employment and administration platforms. but cultural, institutional, and ideological forces proceed to provide resistance to the worldwide convergence of HR practices. This quantity comprises papers from authors in Europe, Asia, Africa, and US who discover diffusion in various nationwide contexts. varied methodologies and views offer a number interpretations relating to diffusion and convergence.

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The answer partly lies in understanding sector-specific conditions that lead some MNCs to standardize and others to segment their operations across borders. The issue of variation between sectors is a factor that is commonly overlooked in both of the main strands of the literature. For example, many of the survey-based studies in the global – local perspective, such as Farley et al. (2004), are of firms from a range of sectors, yet the significance of this is not addressed. Similarly, some of the evidence provided by the segmentation school pays little attention to the role of sector.

The reform agenda that this series of findings sets out is clear. National governments should pay more attention to longer-term elements that are keystones in the business environment, such as institutional quality and education, rather than using stopgap measures such as selective subsidies, government R&D spending, or even social spending to try to achieve competitiveness. This study suffers from limitations posed by the data. In particular, leaving non-European countries out of the survey omits access to a rich variety of experience in countries like Japan and the United States, which rank at the top of the competitive index and have shown much faster productivity growth than the EU average in recent years.

It is also true in those areas of manufacturing for which establishing a local presence is important in generating greater visibility in the eyes of customers.

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