Download After Life in Roman Paganism: Lectures Delivered at Yale by Franz Valery Marie Cumont PDF

By Franz Valery Marie Cumont

This ebook used to be initially released sooner than 1923, and represents a replica of a major ancient paintings, conserving an identical layout because the unique paintings. whereas a few publishers have opted to practice OCR (optical personality attractiveness) expertise to the method, we think this ends up in sub-optimal effects (frequent typographical blunders, unusual characters and complicated formatting) and doesn't competently protect the historic personality of the unique artifact. We think this paintings is culturally vital in its unique archival shape. whereas we attempt to accurately fresh and digitally improve the unique paintings, there are sometimes situations the place imperfections equivalent to blurred or lacking pages, terrible images or errant marks could have been brought as a result of both the standard of the unique paintings or the scanning approach itself. regardless of those occasional imperfections, we have now introduced it again into print as a part of our ongoing worldwide booklet maintenance dedication, supplying consumers with entry to the absolute best old reprints. We take pleasure in your figuring out of those occasional imperfections, and in actual fact wish you get pleasure from seeing the e-book in a layout as shut as attainable to that meant by way of the unique writer.

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Resistance to the supreme law is vain and painful; rebellion against the irresist­ ible order of things is impious. The great virtue taught by Stoicism is that of submission to the fatality which guides the world, of joyous acceptance of the inevitable. Philosophic litera­ ture and the epitaphs present to us, repeatedly and in a thousand forms, the idea that we cannot strive against omnipotent neces­ sity, that the rule of this rigid master must be borne without tears or recriminations. The wise man, who destroys within him­ self desire of any happenings, enjoys even during this existence divine calm in the midst of tribulations, but those whom the vicissitudes of life drive or attract, who let illusions seduce or grieve them, will at last obtain remission of their troubles when they reach the tranquil haven of death.

69 The shade remained in the moon or was dissolved there, and pure reason rose to the sun whence it came forth, or even reached the summit of the heavens where reigned the Most High. A help­ ful escort, called by mythology Hermes the Soul-Guide, or psychopompos, led the elect to these Olympian peaks. There they regained their true country, and as birth had been to them a death, so their death was their rebirth. They enjoyed the con­ templation of the luminous gods. 70 Some souls were kept on the banks of the Styx and could not cross it: in other words, they were constrained to remain on the earth.

Its influence was perpetuated chiefly because it was absorbed by Pythagorism. Among the mysteries propagated in the West, the most ancient were those of the Thraco-Phrygian gods, Dionysos and Sabazios, who were indeed looked upon as identical. We know that in 186 B. C. '' The cult practised by the votaries of Bac­ chus or Liber Pater, whose confraternities were maintained until the end of paganism, differed profoundly from the Dionysos wor­ ship of ancient Greece: a number of Oriental elements had been introduced into it; in particular, the relations between Dionysos and Osiris, which go back to a very remote period, had become singularly close in Egypt.

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