By Franz Valery Marie Cumont
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Through the 12 months 2000 case reports have been awarded at workshops at the surroundings method that have been held in Southern Africa, South the US and Southeast Asia. This precis and research of workshop discussions and case stories is meant to be a source to help implementation of choice V/6 via events, the CBD Secretariat and all correct stakeholders.
Extra resources for After Life in Roman Paganism: Lectures Delivered at Yale University on the Silliman Foundation
Resistance to the supreme law is vain and painful; rebellion against the irresist ible order of things is impious. The great virtue taught by Stoicism is that of submission to the fatality which guides the world, of joyous acceptance of the inevitable. Philosophic litera ture and the epitaphs present to us, repeatedly and in a thousand forms, the idea that we cannot strive against omnipotent neces sity, that the rule of this rigid master must be borne without tears or recriminations. The wise man, who destroys within him self desire of any happenings, enjoys even during this existence divine calm in the midst of tribulations, but those whom the vicissitudes of life drive or attract, who let illusions seduce or grieve them, will at last obtain remission of their troubles when they reach the tranquil haven of death.
69 The shade remained in the moon or was dissolved there, and pure reason rose to the sun whence it came forth, or even reached the summit of the heavens where reigned the Most High. A help ful escort, called by mythology Hermes the Soul-Guide, or psychopompos, led the elect to these Olympian peaks. There they regained their true country, and as birth had been to them a death, so their death was their rebirth. They enjoyed the con templation of the luminous gods. 70 Some souls were kept on the banks of the Styx and could not cross it: in other words, they were constrained to remain on the earth.
Its influence was perpetuated chiefly because it was absorbed by Pythagorism. Among the mysteries propagated in the West, the most ancient were those of the Thraco-Phrygian gods, Dionysos and Sabazios, who were indeed looked upon as identical. We know that in 186 B. C. '' The cult practised by the votaries of Bac chus or Liber Pater, whose confraternities were maintained until the end of paganism, differed profoundly from the Dionysos wor ship of ancient Greece: a number of Oriental elements had been introduced into it; in particular, the relations between Dionysos and Osiris, which go back to a very remote period, had become singularly close in Egypt.