By Harry J. Holzer, and Henry Chen Carolyn J. Hill
Booklet by way of Carolyn J. Hill, Harry J. Holzer, and Henry Chen
Read or Download Against the Tide: Household Structure, Opportunities, and Outcomes Among White and Minority Youth PDF
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Extra info for Against the Tide: Household Structure, Opportunities, and Outcomes Among White and Minority Youth
These outcomes are presented separately by cohort for the 22- to 24-year-old subsample, and separately by race and gender within each cohort. 1 shows (consistent with other studies) that males tend to earn more, and work more hours and weeks, than do females; and that hourly wages for blacks tend to be lower than for whites, as do hours and weeks worked (where the difference is relatively larger). 15 The greatest gains in hours and weeks worked of any group were experienced by black and Hispanic females.
Fear of crime and violence, especially from those with criminal records, also appears to contribute to the problem. There is some evidence that employers who do not conduct formal criminal background checks engage in broad statistical discrimination against young black men as they seek to avoid hiring exoffenders (Holzer, Offner, and Sorensen 2005). 3. Johnson and Neal (1998) show that most of the black-white wage gap, but much less of the employment gap, disappears after controlling for racial differences in years of education and test scores.
Variables are measured in Round 8 of the NLSY97, from October 2004 to July 2005. Dummy variables controlling for month of interview are included but not reported. Missing data dummies are included for all explanatory variables except for race/gender. 01. SOURCE: Authors’ tabulations from NLSY97. 47 48 Hill, Holzer, and Chen Notes 1. The NLSY79 interviews in 1987 were conducted from March to October, with 72 percent conducted from April to June. The NLSY97 interviews in 2004–2005 were conducted from October 2004 to July 2005, with 76 percent conducted between November 2004 and January 2005.